Fiscal Intelligence

Fiscal analysis that enables educators, small business owners, and community organizers to make informed decisions.

Tag: jobs

State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods in 2013

Are the Long-Term Unemployed on the Margins of the Labor Market?

<div style=”margin-bottom:5px”> <strong> <a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/LuisTaverasMBAMS/contribution-to-change-in-employment&#8221; title=”Contribution to change in employment” target=”_blank”>Contribution to change in employment</a> </strong> from <strong><a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/LuisTaverasMBAMS&#8221; target=”_blank”>Luis Taveras MBA, MS</a></strong> </div>

Cyclical v. Structural Changes (A Jobless Recovery)

<div style=”margin-bottom:5px”> <strong> <a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/LuisTaverasMBAMS/cyclical-v-structural-changes&#8221; title=”Cyclical v. Structural Changes (A Jobless Recovery)” target=”_blank”>Cyclical v. Structural Changes (A Jobless Recovery)</a> </strong> from <strong><a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/LuisTaverasMBAMS&#8221; target=”_blank”>Luis Taveras MBA, MS</a></strong> </div>

 

Cyclical Changes

In a temporary layoff, an employer “suspends” an employee’s job, generally because of slack demand. Both the employer and the employee expect their relationship to resume when economic conditions improve. The employer may even help the employee apply for unemployment insurance benefits so that he or she is more likely to wait out the layoff instead of taking another jobWhen layoffs are temporary, subsequent recalls can take place quickly, fueling fast payroll growth.

Structural Changes

By contrast, a permanent layoff severs the relationship between the employer and the employee. The employer eliminates the job for any of a variety of reasons, including a permanent fall in demand, technological change, reorganization of production, and local or international outsourcing. Even an employer that ultimately decides to fill the job again will need to search for a new employee.

Together with our findings on temporary layoffs, it suggests that the two most recent recessions were more strongly structural than recessions past.